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Emergency Management and Environmental Health & Safety

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XX. Disposal of Hazardous Waste Chemicals, Pesticides

Hazardous Waste

The university will control hazardous chemical waste in a manner that protects and preserves human and environmental health. No chemical will be disposed of in any way until adequate information is obtained about the chemical.

Chemical waste is considered hazardous if its name is listed or has characteristics of a hazardous material promulgated by federal, state, public health, and environmental safety laws.  Fayetteville State University is considered a small quantity generator. Agencies that produce 100 - 1000 Kg of waste per month are classified as small quantity generator.  A small quantity generator that accumulates 6000 Kg of waste in 180 days will need to obtain a permit "Notification of Hazardous Waste Activity" from the EPA.

Avoiding waste can be accomplished by substituting hazardous material with less hazardous materials; micro scale experiments; volume reduction; treating hazardous materials to make them less toxic; recycling; and exchanging unwanted chemicals for wanted chemicals within the department.

The university uses one central location to store the disposal of waste where records maintained, segregated and identified weekly from all location within the building.  The CHO monitors the central waste area at regular intervals.

All waste containers will be properly labeled. Disposal of "unknown waste" is referred to as "orphan reaction mixtures".  The label has to identify the waste, what experiment it was generated from, the date, and the name of the person in charge of the waste.

Example: Organic Waste

  • Benzoic Acid
  • Napthalene
  • Urea
  • Experiment #2

All waste will be inspected weekly and records maintained for corrosion of the containers, labels, spillage, or leaks.

The Chemical Safety Officer is responsible for collection and arranging for the disposal of generated chemical waste from the academic laboratories. Research laboratories must notify the Chemical Safety Officer when waste accumulation has reached levels that require disposal.

All those who generate hazardous waste must ensure that the waste is handled and disposed of according to the EPA regulations adopted under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 as amended.  Broadly, a hazardous waste is a waste that poses a danger to human health or the environment if improperly handled.

As a Small Quantity Generator (Appendix A, 40 CFR 261.5) FSU waste are not subject to EPA storage regulations and no storage permit is required.  There are no time limits on waste storage, but the quantity of waste stored must not exceed the limit for the Small Quantity Exemption; i.e., 1000 kilograms of hazardous waste or 1 kilogram of acutely hazardous waste.

Classes of waste must be properly segregated for temporary accumulation and storage as well as for transportation and disposal.  The label must contain sufficient information to assure safe handling and disposal, including the initial date of accumulation and chemical names of the principal components and any minor components that could be hazardous.  The label must also indicate whether the waste is toxic, reactive, corrosive to skin or metal, flammable, an inhalation hazard, or a lachrymator.

A commercial firm will pack the waste chemicals and arranges for their transportation and disposal to the storage/disposal site.  The wastes must be assigned to one of the following categories so that all manifest and record keeping can be completed: reactive, toxic, miscellaneous laboratory chemicals, ignitable, corrosive acid, corrosive base, oxidizers.
Hazardous waste remaining in an empty container is not subject to regulation.

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