The Cataloging Department is one of the major units of the Charles W. Chesnutt Library. The primary objective of the department is to provide access to the volume of material offered through the library. This task is accomplished through the creation of bibliographic records through the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) WorldShare Management Services (WMS).
The preparation of the bibliographic records consists of descriptive cataloging and subject classification. Chesnutt Library employs the Library of Congress Classification system, Library of Congress Subject Headings, MARC 21 format standards, and the Resource Description and Access (RDA) standard of cataloging.
The cataloging staff currently consists of one professional librarian and one library technician:
Alice Smith Library Technician (910) 672-1549 firstname.lastname@example.org
Cataloging and Acquisitions (Library of Congress) The Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate provides acquisitions and bibliographic access services to the Library of Congress and leadership in bibliographic access collaborations and standards for the library and information service communities, nationally and internationally, and training and instructional design for the Library Services service unit of the Library of Congress.
The Library of Congress Classification (LCC) is a classification system that was first developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to organize and arrange the book collections of the Library of Congress. Over the course of the twentieth century, the system was adopted for use by other libraries as well, especially large academic libraries in the United States. It is currently one of the most widely used library classification systems in the world. The LCC alphanumeric system, which groups items by subject categories or classes, is used to create call number of the items in the library.
The Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) comprise a controlled-vocabulary thesaurus of subject headings maintained by the United States Library of Congress for use in bibliographic records. LC Subject Headings are an integral part of bibliographic control, which is the function by which libraries collect, organize and disseminate documents. LCSHs are applied to every item within a library's collection to facilitate a user's access of items in the catalog that pertain to similar subject matter.
The MARC (MAchine-Readable Cataloging) formats are standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related information in machine-readable form. Standardized bibliographic data input, utilizing MARC formats, ensures the integrity of the online public catalog in storage and retrieval of information. There are several versions of MARC in use around the world, the most predominant being MARC 21, created in 1999 as a result of the harmonization of U.S. and Canadian MARC formats, and UNIMARC, widely used in Europe. The MARC 21 family of standards now includes formats for authority records, holdings records, classification schedules, and community information, in addition to the format for bibliographic records.
WorldCat is a database of cataloging and classification information. Records are machine-readable bibliographic descriptions of items held by OCLC member institutions. The system links each bibliographic record to locations information. Bibliographic Formats and Standards is a guide to machine-readable cataloging records in WorldCat. It provides tagging conventions, input standards and guidelines for entering information into WorldCat.
Training & Workshops
Try these classes at the Cataloging Learning Workshop (CLW) from the Library of Congress: