Reference Department

The primary purpose of the Reference Department is to meet the academic and research needs of the students, faculty and staff at Fayetteville State University.  The Reference Department Staff assists persons in finding information, and should be the starting point for their research and information needs.  The  Staff provides both individual assistance and classroom instruction to assist students, faculty and staff in developing research strategies, identifying reference and other relevant sources, locating library materials using the online catalog, and searching electronic databases. 

the Reference Collection consists of print and electronic sources that represent  general and specialized encyclopedias and dictionaries, almanacs, handbooks, bibliographies, directories, indexes, statistical sources, manuals, maps and atlases, and biographical materials. Computers are available in the Reference Department for scholarly and research activities such as database and Internet searching, accessing Canvas for class assignments, and preparing papers and presentations using word processing and presentation software. 

Please Note: However much we would like to, the Library does not have the staff to provide support for the individual computer applications that are available.  We encourage the use of the help screens within each computer software application and often have library books available on many of the software applications.  More in-depth help can be sought from the computer technicians available in the library and computer labs on campus.  For University network applications like Canvas, your E-Mail account, and Login and Password Information, the University's Information Technology Department (ITTS) can be consulted.

About the Reference Collection

A -- GENERAL WORKS 
B -- PHILOSOPHY. PSYCHOLOGY. RELIGION 
C -- AUXILIARY SCIENCES OF HISTORY  
D -- HISTORY: GENERAL AND OLD WORLD 
E -- HISTORY: AMERICA 
F -- HISTORY: AMERICA 
G -- GEOGRAPHY. ANTHROPOLOGY. RECREATION 
H -- SOCIAL SCIENCES 
J -- POLITICAL SCIENCE 
K -- LAW 
L -- EDUCATION 
M -- MUSIC AND BOOKS ON MUSIC 
N -- FINE ARTS 
P -- LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 
Q -- SCIENCE 
R -- MEDICINE 
S -- AGRICULTURE 
T -- TECHNOLOGY 
U -- MILITARY SCIENCE 
V -- NAVAL SCIENCE 
Z -- BIBLIOGRAPHY. LIBRARY SCIENCE. INFORMATION RESOURCES (GENERAL)

Library of Congress Call Number Arrangement:
LB 2376
.T35
2016  The letter(s) at the beginning of each call number correspond to a main   subject and a subheading.  For instance, books with call numbers beginning with the letter L represents Education, LB represents Theory and Practice of Education.The numbers that follow the first letter(s) further specify the subject area.  They are whole numbers; ones, tens, hundreds and thousands.  They may also be decimal numbers.The next part of the call number is a letter-decimal combination designating the author and title of the book.  Be Careful! The decimal may not be printed as part of the call number!  Even though the decimal is sometimes not printed in the call number on the spine of the book, you must think of the number that follows the  letter as a decimal.  Therefore, T235 would precede T35.  Finally, a copyright date is often included in the call number to distinguish different editions of the same book. Superintendent of Documents (SuDocs) Call Number ArrangementC 61.34:017 The SuDocs call numbers are assigned to government documents by the U.S.. Government Printing Office. These can be applied to paper documents, CD-ROMs, or materials on microfilm or microfiche.Author Symbol = C represents the issuing agency (Commerce Department) 
Subordinate Offices = 61. indicates the subordinate bureau within the issuing agency (International Trade Administration) 
Series Desigation = 34: is the number of the specific publication U.S. Industrial Outlook)  
Book Numbers = 017; after the colon, the number that appears is usually a number that would identify a specific book, or be a number representing the series or the fact it was an annual; . 017 indicates the year of publication (2017)1. Author Symbol.  Every executive department and agency, the Judiciary, Congress, and other major independent establishments have a unique alphabetical identifier. Documents will be found on the shelf alphabetically by this symbol.A - Agriculture Department 
AE - National Archives and Records 
C - Commerce 
C 3 - Census Bureau 
CR - Civil Rights Commission 
CS - Civil Service Commission 
D - Defense Department 
E - Energy Department 
ED - Education Department 
EP - Environmental Protection 
FR - Federal Reserve System 
FT - Federal Trade Commission 
FTZ - Federal Trade Zone Board>
GA - General Accounting Office 
GP - Government Printing Office 
GS - General Services Administration 
HE - Health and Human Services Dept. 
HH - Housing and Urban Development 
I - Interior Department 
I 19. - U.S. Geological Survey 
I 28 - Bureau of Mines 
I 29 - National Park Service 
IC - Interstate Commerce Com. 
J - Justice Department 
JU - Judiciary 
L - Labor Department 
LC - Library of Congress
NA - National Academy of Sciences 
NAS - NASA 
NS - National Science Foundation 
P - United States Postal Service 
PE - Peace Corps 
PR - President of United States 
S - State Department 
SBA - Small Business Adm. 
SE - Securities and Exchange Commission 
SI - Smithsonian Institution 
T - Treasury 
T 22 - Internal Revenue Service 
TD - Transportation 
VA - Veterans Administration 
W, X, Y - Congress 
Y 1 - House and Senate Reports and Documents 
Y 4 - Congressional Committees and Hearings2. Subordinate Offices.  Numbers are added to the alphabetic identifiers to distinguish bureaus and offices within major departments. For example, the Agriculture Department as a whole is designated as A 1, but the Forestry Service is identified as A 13.  The Interior Department is I 1, but the Geological Survey is I 19, the Bureau of Mines is I 28, and the National Park Service is I 29.  The Treasury Department is T 1, but the Internal Revenue Service is T 22.3. Series Designations. Each type of publication has an identifying number, and a colon follows this. Some of the more common types are:1: Annual Reports 
5: Laws (administered by the agency and published by it) 
8: Handbooks, manuals, guides 
10: Directories 
11: Maps and charts 
13: Forms 
Note:  Parts 1, 2, and 3 of the SuDoc number are called the Class Stem.  4. Book Numbers. The number following the colon of the Class Stem identifies a specific book, either by series number, annual number, or a number based on the subject of the title.5. Related Series. A new series, which is closely related to an already existing series, will be placed next to the original on the shelf and differentiated from it with a slash mark and another letter or number.  This number also reflects the date of a title.