Geography (Minor)

The undergraduate minor in geography complements many other programs in the university including Biology, Business Administration, Criminal Justice, Fire and Emergency Services Administration, History, Intelligence Studies, Political Science, Professional Studies, and Sociology. Geography provides students with knowledge and skills needed to understand the spatial organization of society to answer crucial questions including why some places are different than others, how places are related, and in which ways they can be improved.

What will you learn?

Our department provides various interesting courses for the Minor in Geography program. Some sample courses include principles of geography, world regional geography, economic geography, physical geography, urban geography, cartography, introduction to geographic information systems, and introduction to remote sensing. For more information, please visit the catalog here

What will you do?

While your major will mainly determine your career, the knowledge and skills you learn from the geography minor program will bring you a great advantage by expanding your job possibilities. In fact, you will be looked for by either government, academic, or private sector for a variety of jobs, such as environmental scientist, environmental consultant, geotechnical engineer, transportation manager, market researcher, business development, real estate appraiser, environmental economist, tour guide, manager of sustainability, urban and regional planner, logistics analyst, geointelligence specialist, and more. Please see the list below for more details.

How to declare a minor in Geography

1. Submit a declaration online by going to this page, click on Forms, then Declaration/Change of Major
2. Contact the Geography academic advisor to get your Alternate PIN (if you have not had it yet) so that you can enroll courses online
3. Login to your Banner account and enroll courses satisfying the requirements of the major/minor program


Knowing and applying geographic information about the processes that shape physical landscapes

Possible jobs: Soil and Plant Specialist, Water Resources Specialist, Environmental Scientist, Geophysicist

Weather and Climate

Knowing and applying geographic information about weather, climate, and atmospheric processes

Possible jobs: Climate Change Analyst, Weatherization Installers and Technician, Atmospheric and Space Scientist, Climatologist


Knowing and applying geographic information about ecosystems and ecological processes (e.g., vegetation, wildlife, natural habitats)

Possible jobs: Soil and Plant Scientist, Natural Sciences Manager, Zoologist and Wildlife Biologist, Forester, Biological Science Technician

Natural Hazards

Knowing and applying geographic information about processes of natural hazards (e.g., hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, fire)

Possible jobs: Emergency Management Specialist, Forest Fire Inspector, Environmental Consultant,Ecological Risk Assessor, Geotechnical Engineer, Hazards Analyst

Economic Geography

Knowing and applying geographic information about the economy and economic processes (e.g., labor, development, industry, agriculture, transportation, trade, resources, land use, technology change)

Possible jobs: Transportation Manager, Community Resource Specialist, Market Researcher, Business Development, Real Estate Appraiser, Environmental Economist

Political Geography

Knowing and applying geographic information about about political systems and processes (e.g., governments, political activism, nongovernmental organizations, nations, states, international relations, nationalism)

Possible jobs: Community Organizer, Policy Consultant, Policy Researcher, Lobbyist

Cultural Geography

Knowing and applying geographic information about culture and cultural processes (e.g., religion, language, ethnicity, diffusion, meaning of landscapes, cultural significance of place)

Possible jobs: Tour Guide and Escort, Area/Ethic/Cultural Studies Teacher, Interpreter & Translator, Historic Preservationist, Writer/Editor

Population Geography

Knowing and applying geographic information about population, demography, and demographic processes (e.g., population density, migration, birth and death rates, fertility rates).

Possible jobs: Market Analyst, Population/Real Estate/Community Association Manager, Urban and Regional Planner, Demographer, Public Health Officer

Human Environmental Interaction

Knowing and applying geographic information about relationships between nature and society (e.g., pollution from industrial development, economic effects of drought)

Possible jobs: Tour Guide, Accredited Land Consultant, Manager of Sustainability, Environmental Affairs Specialist


Designing paper or digital map

Possible jobs: Cartographer and Photogrammetrist, Surveying and Mapping Technician, Civil Drafter, Graphics Editor, Digital Cartographer

GIS (Geographic Information System)

Using GIS to acquire, manage, display, and analyze spatial data in digital form

Possible jobs: Geospatial Information Scientist and Technologist, Geospatial Analyst, GIS Developer, Logistics Analyst, Transportation Planner, Environmental Consultant

Remote Sensing:

Understanding the underlying theories and methods related to acquiring an object without contacting it physically (e.g., aerial photography, radar and satellite imaging)

Possible jobs: Remote Sensing Scientist and Technologist, Geointelligence Specialist, Remote Sensing Analyst, Sensor Specialist, Radar and Sonar Technician

Regional Geography

Possessing and applying knowledge of the physical and human geography of a specific country or world region

Possible jobs: Urban and Regional Planner, Geointelligence Specialist, Tour Guide & Escort, Interpreter & Translator, Historic Preservationist, Community Developer

Spatial Thinking

Identifying, explaining, and finding meaning in spatial patterns and relationships (e.g., site conditions, how places are similar and different, the influence of a land feature on its neighbors, the nature of transitions between places, how places are linked at local, regional, and/or global scales

Possible jobs: Urban and Regional Planner, Surveyor, Geophysical Data Technician, Spatial Analysis Consultant, Environmental Specialist

Global Perspective

Possessing and applying knowledge of how people, places, and regions are linked by global networks and processes (e.g., globalization, international trade, immigration, Internet technology, global climate system)

Possible jobs: Logistics Manager, Mapping Technician, Geodetic Surveyor, International Development Specialist, Journalist, Foreign Services Officer

Interdisciplinary Perspective

Drawing on and synthesizing the information, concepts, and methods of the natural and social sciences for geographic research and application

Possible jobs: International Development Specialist, Urban and Regional Planner, Humanitarian Affairs Analyst, International Development Specialist, Program Manager

Diversity Perspective

Using knowledge about population diversity (e.g., gender, ehtnicity, race, sexuality, disability) to interpret social, economic, and political issues in different place

Possible jobs: Human Resources Manager, Academic Advisor, Market Researcher, Public Diplomacy Officer, Travel Guide

Source: The American Association of Geographers